The knee is a delicate part of your body, considering how vital it is in enhancing joint movement. It is even more crucial for athletes as their professions demand the knee to be in perfect shape for maximum efficiency. Despite its crucial role, the knee is susceptible to pain, a typical condition many people face. Joint diseases or arthritis may lead to severe discomfort and pain in the knee, affecting your quality of life. As such, treatment options like total knee replacement in Albany are pretty effective in dealing with these problems. Read on further to learn more about total knee replacement and its effects.
What is Knee Replacement?
Knee arthroplasty, which is also known as knee replacement surgery, is an operation to restore function and relieve pain in significantly damaged knee joints. This operation involves getting rid of damaged cartilage and bone from your kneecap, shinbone, and thighbone and putting in its place a prosthetic joint made up of polymers, high-grade plastics, and metal alloys.
An orthopedic surgeon determines whether a knee replacement is appropriate by reviewing your knee’s stability, strength and motion. X-rays are used to check how much damage is done. Your physician will choose from various prosthetic knee replacements and surgical procedures for your condition. These will depend on your weight, age, shape size, knee size, activity level, and overall health.
The major reason knee replacement surgery is done is to deal with the extreme pain due to osteoarthritis. This is mainly done to people experiencing problems when climbing stairs, walking, and sitting in and out of chairs. Some may even experience discomfort while resting.
Risks of knee replacement surgery include:
- Blood clots in lungs or leg vein
- Nerve damage
- Heart attack
Your doctor should be notified immediately if these signs of infection occur:
- Shaking chills
- Rise in tenderness, redness, pain, and swelling in the knee
- Fever that is higher than a hundred Fahrenheit
- Drainage from the surgical site
Surgery is usually needed if the knee replacement gets infected to remove the artificial parts. Antibiotics are also required to get rid of the bacteria. Another surgery is hence required to put a new knee.
Artificial knees are also subject to wear and tear, leading to failing the artificial joint. Using the knee daily wears off even the most durable plastic and metallic parts. High-impact activities or extreme weight may cause additional stress to the joints.
Preparations for surgery may involve avoiding certain food substances and medications as per your doctor’s advice. After the surgery, you will crucially need to move around in a walker or use crutches.
The surgery involves an incision on your knee to expose all the joint surfaces. The kneecap is moved aside and removes the injured joint surfaces. The pieces of the artificial joint are attached after preparing the joint surfaces.
Knee replacements are a great source of relief, improving your quality of life and getting rid of the pain. They can last for more than fifteen years and thus are quite handy. If you are going through any knee problems, visit our website or call our Albany offices.